Sociodemographic and Sexual Behavior Associated With HIV Infection: A Study in Sragen, Central Java


Fiqih Agustyna Murti1), Argyo Dermatoto2), Bhisma Murti1)


1)Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret

2)Department of Sociology, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Sebelas Maret



Background: HIV/AIDS continues to be a major global public health issue. The abili­ty to control HIV infection and progression of the disease is regulated by host and viral factors. The pur­pose of this study was to examine the effects of sociodemographic and sexual behavior asso­cia­ted with HIV infection.

Subjects and Method: A cross sectional study was carried out in Sragen, Central Java, from August to December 2018. A sample of 160 study subjects was selected by fixed disease sam­pling. The dependent variable was HIV status. The independent varia­bles were gender income, social support, sexual behavior, and locus of control. Data on HIV status was obtained from me­di­cal record. The other data were collected by questionnaire. The data were analyzed by a mul­tiple logistic regression.

Results: The risk of HIV infection increased with poor income (OR= 11.9; 95% CI= 1.3o to 102.03; p= 0.020), weak social support (OR= 30.4; 95% CI= 3.84 to 241.1; p= 0.001), unsafe sexual behavior (OR= 9.90; 95% CI= 1.28 to 77.34; p= 0.028), and external locus of control (OR= 21.6; 95% CI= 2.15 to 218.07; p= 0.009). The risk of HIV infection decreased with female gen­der (OR= 0.20; 95% CI= 0.01 to 0.43; p= 0.010).

Conclusion: The risk of HIV infection increases with poor income, weak social support, unsafe sexual behavior, and external locus of control, but decreases with female gender.

Keywords: HIV, sexual behavior, sociodemography, determinants

Correspondence: Fiqih Agustyna Murti. Masters Program on Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret.Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java, Indonesia. Email: murti.fiqih@gmail.­com. Mobile: +6285729752541.


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