The Association between Health Education and HIV/AIDS Prevention Behavior among Prostitutes at Gunungrejo Prostitution of Toroh, Grobogan, Central Java


Yulisetyaningrum, Sukarmin, Puji Mulyati

 

Universitas Muhammadiyah Kudus

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Prostitutes are at increased risk for sexually transmitted diseases and HIV infection. Although considerable attention has been placed on the role of pros­titu­tes in the AIDS epi­demic, little attention has been directed to HIV/AIDS preven­tion. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between attending health edu­ca­tion session and HIV/AIDS preventive behavior among prostitutes at Gunungrejo prostitution.

Subjects and Method: This was a cross-sectional study carried out at Gunungrejo, Toroh subdistrict, Grobogan district, Central Java. A sample of 52 prostitutes was se­lec­t­ed for this stu­dy by simple random sampling. The dependent variable was HIV/AIDS pre­­­ventive behavior. The independent variable was health education. The data were collect­ed by qu­es­­ti­­onnaire and ana­lyzed by chi-square.

Results: As many as 82.7% prostitutes attended health education. After health edu­cation session, 84.6% prostitutes had better HIV/AIDS preventive behavior. Prostitutes who attended the health education session were more likely to had better HIV/AIDS pre­­­ven­tive behavior than those who did not attend (OR= 41; p<0.001).

Conclusion: Attending health education session is associated with better HIV/AIDS preventive behavior among prostitutes.

Keywords: HIV/AIDS, health education, preventive behavior

Correspondence: Yulisetyaningrum. Universitas Muhammadiyah Kudus. Jl. Ganesha I, Purwosari, Ku­dus 59316, Central Java. Email: yulisetyaningrum@umkudus.ac.id. Mobile: 08132­5­793821.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2019.02.51

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