The Quality of Environment and Anxiety among the Prisoners at Bau-Bau Prison, South East Sulawesi


Salmi, Septiadi Rasyid

 

Masters Program in Public Health, School of Health Sciences Mandala Waluya, Kendari

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Mental health has been described as how people, communities, and or­ga­ni­­za­tions think and feel about themselves and their experience of mental wellbeing rather than just an absence of mental illness. The mental health of prisoners is a parti­cu­lar con­cern. Although so­cial and environmental factors are known to affect mental health, little is known about the im­pact of prison environment. This study aimed to ex­plain the quality of environment and its impact on anxiety among the prisoners at Bau-Bau prison, South East Sulawesi.

Subjects and method: A qualitative study with phenomenological approach was con­duc­t­ed at Class IIA prison, in Bau-Bau, South East Sulawesi. The key informants in this study were 12 pri­­soners having imprisoned for one year or more and officers. The data were collected by in-depth interview.

Results: All informants reported that the prison facilities were not feasible and over­load. They were feeling anxious and getting distracted from other prisoners in prison, and whet­her ex-prisoners can be accepted in the community, whether the family can also provide full support.

Conclusion: All informants reported that the prison facilities were not feasible and overload. Greater consideration should be given to understanding the wider envi­ron­mental and other factors that contribute to poor mental health in prisons. This infor­mation can be used to inform prison policy makers and managers, and the primary care trusts who are beginning to work in partnership with prisons to improve the mental health of prisoners.

Keywords: environmental quality, anxiety, prisoners, prisoners

Correspondence: Salmi. Masters Program in Public Health, School of Health Sciences Mandala Waluya, Jl. A.H. Nasution No. G 37, Kendari, South East Sulawesi. Email: salmila­humoko@gmail.com

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2019.04.27

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