The Relationship between Household Food Security and Stunting in Children Aged 6-23 Months, in North Buton, South East Sulawesi

Kisman, Arwan, Ifon


Masters Program in Public Health, School of Health Sciences Mandala Waluya, Kendari



Background: Globally it was estimated approximately 156 millions (23%) children are stunted. The prevalence of stunting in children is 29% in Indonesia, which is the highest rate in South East-Asian countries. Stunting may cause delayed mental deve­lop­ment and low intellectual capacity. The purpose of this study was to analyze the rela­tionship between household food security and stunting in children aged 6-23 months.

Subjects and Method: This was a case control study carried out at Bonerombo com­munity health center, Kulisusu sub district, North Buton district, South East Sulawesi. A sample of 126 children under two was selected by total sampling consisting of 63 stunted children and 63 nor­mal children. The dependent variable was stunting. The inde­pendent variables were food security, maternal height, and low birth weight. The data were collec­t­ed by questionnaire and ana­lyzed by logistic regression.

Results: Stunting was associated with food insecurity (OR=2.70; 95% CI: 0.94 to 8.77; p=0.040), maternal height <150cm (OR= 2.03; 95% CI: 1.14 to 3.65; p<0.001), and low birth weight (OR= 3.02; 95% CI: 0.98 to 11.04 p= 0.030).

Conclusion: Stunting is associated with food insecurity, maternal height <150cm, and low birth weight.

Keywords:food security, stunting, children under two

Correspondence: Kisman, Masters Program in Public Health, School of Health Sciences Mandala Waluya. Jl. A.H. Nasution No. G 37, Kendari, South East Sulawesi. Email: kis­man­­ Mobile : 081241256667.


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