The Role of Posyandu in Health Services for Pregnant Women


Sari Hayuningtyas, Adang Bachtiar, Afrina Sitohang,

Mery Aderita, Yayah Fazriyah, Febi Susanti

 

Masters Program in Public Health, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Maternal and child health is a major public health concern in Indonesia. The current estimated maternal mortality rate (MMR) is 359 deaths per 100,000 live births. Some of the factors contributing to it are poor access to health care and shortage of health care provider in the community. To overcome it the government in­itiated the inte­grated health service post called integrated health service (Posyandu). Posyandu is a stra­tegy to reduce infant or child mor­tality and birth rates. Posyandu aims to increase the availability and accessibility of health care. Organized by the com­munity through the mem­bers of the Family Welfare Movement, Posyandu appears to be an important part of com­mu­nity welfare activities. This study aimed to de­termine the role of Posyandu in health services for pregnant wo­­men.

Subjects and Method: This was a qualitative study conducted in Bekasi, West Java. The sub­jects for this study were pregnant women, Posyandu volunteers, health service pro­­­vi­ders, and head of Posyandu. The dependent variable was health services for preg­nant wo­men. The data were collected by in depth interview, focus group discussion, and ob­ser­va­tion. The data were ana­lyzed descriptively.

Results: Posyandu used a 5 table system service method that involved health workers and health cadres. Health services for pregnant women included health check by mid­wi­ves and coun­­­­seling by health cadres. Pregnant women who came to Posyandu carried a maternal and child health book. Pregnant women who did not come to Posyandu would be visited by health cad­­­res. There were limited space for Posyandu and in­com­ple­te teaching aids avai­la­ble at Posyandu.

Conclusion: The role of Posyandu is positive and active in the provision of health ser­vices for pregnant mothers and children.

Keywords: pregnant woman, integrated health services

Correspondence: Sari Hayuningtyas. Masters Program in Public Health, Faculty of Public Health, Univer­si­tas Indonesia, Depok. Email: sari.hayuningtyas@ui.ac.id. Mobile: 08158169626.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2019.03.53

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