Application of Complementary Massage on Reducing Blood Pressure among Hypertensive Patients in Tasilmalaya


Eli Kurniasih

 

Institute of Health Science Bakti Tunas Husada Tasikmalaya

 

ABSTRACT

Background:Hypertension is a global public health problem. The incidence of hyper­tension is the grea­test among older adults. In Tasikmalaya, 2010 there were 24,674 cases of hyper­ten­sion which 14,181 were suffered by the elderly at the age of 45 to over 70 years. Clinical ma­ssage can be used to reduce stress and improve tissue repair and muscle da­mage. This study aimed to determine the effect of complementary massage therapy to reducing blood pressure in pa­tients with hypertension.

Subjects and Method: This was a quasi experiment study before and after without control design. This study was carried out at the Tamansari Community Health Center in Tasikmalaya, West Java. A total of 43 patients with hypertension was selected for this study. Complementary ma­ssage therapy was carried out for five times in five days of therapy. The de­pendent variable was hypertension. The independent variable was complementary massage the­ra­py. Blood pressure was measured by sphygmanometer. Changes in blood pressure be­fore and after massage were tested by chi-square.

Results: The sample consisted of26 (60%) femalesand 17 (40%) males. After the in­ter­vention, 56% of all hypertensive patients showed the reduction of blood pressure to normal level, and it was statistically significant.

Conclusion:Complementary massage therapy is effective to reducing blood pressure in patients with hypertension.

Keywords:hypertension, complementary, massage therapy

Correspondence: Eli Kurniasih. Institute of Health Science Bakti Tunas Husada Tasikmalaya, West Java. Email: kurniasih_eli@yahoo.co.id. Mobile:081313789177.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2019.05.30

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