Effect of Music Therapy on Anxiety for Patients Undergoing Cardiac Surgery: A Systematic Review

Sidik Awaludin1), Elly Nurachmah2), Dwi Novitasari3)


1)School of Nursing, Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Indonesia

2)Faculty of Nursing, Indonesia Universitas, Indonesia

3)Faculty of Health Sciences, Universitas Harapan Bangsa, Indonesia



Background: Cardiac surgery is a common interventional procedure for ischemic and val­vular heart disease. Cardiac surgery is accompanied by postoperative pain and an­xie­ty. The use of music therapy has been shown to reduce pain, anxiety, and phy­sio­logical para­meters in patients having surgical procedures. This study aimed to review system­atically the effect of music therapy on anxiety for patients undergoing cardiac sur­gery.

Subjects and Method: A systematic review was conducted by searching the following data­bases included Pro-quest, EBSCO, Science Direct, Springer Link, NCBI, and Re­search Gate which published articles from 2013 to 2018. The keywords for this review in­cluded music therapy, undergoing, and cardiovascular surgery. The inclusion criteria were review, sys­tem­atic review, clinical review and guidelines. After review process five ar­­ticles were included in this review.

Results:Music therapy significantly reduced anxiety levels in pre-operative, intra-ope­ra­­tive, and post-operative. However the effectiveness of music therapy in perioperative car­­dio­vascular surgery remains inconclusive.

Conclusion: The effect of music therapy on anxiety for patients undergoing cardiac sur­gery is remains inconclusive.Additional researches are needed to provide a strong evi­dence.

Keywords: anxiety, cardiovascular surgery, music therapy

Correspondence: Sidik Awaludin. School of Nursing, Jenderal Soedirman University, Indonesia. Email: abifayza@yahoo.co.id. Mobile: 0819-0140-5785

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2019.05.22

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