Effect of Music Therapy on Anxiety for Patients Undergoing Cardiac Surgery: A Systematic Review


Sidik Awaludin1), Elly Nurachmah2), Dwi Novitasari3)

 

1)School of Nursing, Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Indonesia

2)Faculty of Nursing, Indonesia Universitas, Indonesia

3)Faculty of Health Sciences, Universitas Harapan Bangsa, Indonesia

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Cardiac surgery is a common interventional procedure for ischemic and val­vular heart disease. Cardiac surgery is accompanied by postoperative pain and an­xie­ty. The use of music therapy has been shown to reduce pain, anxiety, and phy­sio­logical para­meters in patients having surgical procedures. This study aimed to review system­atically the effect of music therapy on anxiety for patients undergoing cardiac sur­gery.

Subjects and Method: A systematic review was conducted by searching the following data­bases included Pro-quest, EBSCO, Science Direct, Springer Link, NCBI, and Re­search Gate which published articles from 2013 to 2018. The keywords for this review in­cluded music therapy, undergoing, and cardiovascular surgery. The inclusion criteria were review, sys­tem­atic review, clinical review and guidelines. After review process five ar­­ticles were included in this review.

Results:Music therapy significantly reduced anxiety levels in pre-operative, intra-ope­ra­­tive, and post-operative. However the effectiveness of music therapy in perioperative car­­dio­vascular surgery remains inconclusive.

Conclusion: The effect of music therapy on anxiety for patients undergoing cardiac sur­gery is remains inconclusive.Additional researches are needed to provide a strong evi­dence.

Keywords: anxiety, cardiovascular surgery, music therapy

Correspondence: Sidik Awaludin. School of Nursing, Jenderal Soedirman University, Indonesia. Email: abifayza@yahoo.co.id. Mobile: 0819-0140-5785

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2019.05.22

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