Effectiveness of Islamic Spiritual Based Mindfulness on The Reduction of Depression among The Elderly at The Nursing Home


Arini, Meidiana Dwidiyanti, Rita Hadi Widyastuti

 

Masters Programin Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Diponegoro

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Depression is one of the leading cause of disability and main contri­butor to the global burden disease. Depression occurs in 7% of the older adult popu­la­tion. Mind­ful­ness is the practice of purposely focusing your attention on the present mo­­ment and accept­ing it without judgment. Mindfulness is now being examined scien­ti­fically and has been found to be a key element in stress reduction and overall hap­piness. This study aimed to exa­mine the effectiveness of Islamic Spiritual Based Mind­fulness (ISBM) on the reduction of de­pre­­s­s­ion among the elderly at the nursing home.

Subjects and Method:This was a quasi-experiment before and after with no control de­sign. The study was conducted at Mahendra nursing home. A total of 19 elderly with de­p­­­re­­s­sion was selected for this study. The dependent vari­able was depression. The inde­­­pen­dent variable was ISBM. Depression score was mea­su­red by Geriatric Dep­res­sion Scale. The other data were collected by questionnaire. The data were analyzed by chi square.

Results: After ISBM intervention, 4 elderly had depression scores <5, 11 elderly had dep­­­re­ss­ion scores 5-9, and 4 elderly had depression scores ≥10. Mean score of dep­res­sion reduced after ISBM intervention and it was statistically significant.

Conclusion:Islamic Spiritual Based Mindfulness is effective to reduce depression among the elderly in nursing home.

Keywords:Islamic Spiritual Based Mindfulness, depression, elderly

Correspondence: Arini. Masters Program in Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Diponegoro. Jl. Prof. Soedarto, Tembalang, Semarang, Central Java. Email: Arini7iny@gmail.com. Mobile: 0823­3­6548486.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2019.05.16

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