Effectiveness of Tomato in Reducing Blood Pressure in Pregnant Women with Hypertension: A Systematic Review


Erni Juniartati, Ari Suwondo, Mursid

 

Masters Program in Applied Midwifery, School of Health Polytechnics of Semarang

 

ABSTRACT 

Background: Hypertension is the most common medical problem encountered in preg­nancy and remains an important cause of maternal, and fetal, morbidity and mor­ta­lity. It complicates up to 15% of pregnancies and accounts for approximately a quarter of all antenatal admissions. The hypertensive disorders of pregnancy cover a spectrum of conditions, of which pre-eclampsia poses the greatest potential risk and remains one of the most common causes of maternal death. This study aimed to review sys­te­ma­ti­cally the effectiveness of tomato in reducing blood pressure in pregnant women with hy­­­pertension.

Subject and method: This was a systematic review. The dependent variables were blood pressure and malondialdehyde level. The independent variable was giving tomato dry powder. Sources of literature included Google Scholar, Proquest and Science Direct. The keywords for this review included tomato, blood pressure and hypertension in preg­­­nancy. The inclusion criteria were review, systematic review, clinical review and gui­de­lines. After review process ten articles were included in this review.

Result: Tomatoes can be used as non-pharmacological therapies to reduce hyper­ten­sion in pregnant women. Tomatoes contain substances such as lycopene and potas­sium which are useful for lowering blood pressure in pregnant women with hyper­ten­sion. In­ter­­ventions supplementing tomato were associated with significant reductions in sys­tolic blood pressure.

Conclusion: Interventions supplementing tomato can be used  as non-pharma­co­lo­gical therapies to reduce hypertension in pregnant women.

Keywords: tomato, blood pressure, hipertension in pregnancy.

Correspondence: Erni juniartati Masters Program in Applied Midwifery, School of Health Polytechnics of Semarang. Email:erni78.juniartati@gmail.com. Mobile:08134500203

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2019.05.19

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