Factors Associated with the Occurrence of Periodontal Disease in Tasikmalaya, West Java


Hilmiy Ila Robbihi1), Endang Sutisna Sulaeman2),

Setyo Sri Rahardjo2)

 

1)Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret

2)Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Periodontitis is one of the most ubiquitous diseases and is characterized by the destruction of connective tissue and dental bone support following an infla­m­ma­tory host response secondary to infection by periodontal bacteria. Studies into the risk factors of periodontitis is lacking in Indonesia. The purpose of this study was to deter­­mine factors associated with the occurrence of periodontal disease in Tasikmalaya, West Java.

Subjects and Method: A case control study conducted in Tasikmalaya community health center, West Java, from October to November 2018. A sample of 200 patients was selected by fixed disease sampling consisting of 50 patients with periodontitis and 150 patients without periodontitis. The dependent variable was periodontal disease. The independent variables were age, knowledge on oral and dental health, education, in­­come, oral and dental health behavior, smoking behavior, plaque, and calculus. The data were obtained from medical record and questionnaire. The data were analyzed by a multiple logistic regression.

Results: The occurrence of periodontal disease increased with plaque (OR= 3.70; 95% CI= 1.44 to 9.48; p= 0.007), calculus (OR= 3.52; 95% CI= 1.41 to 8.76; p= 0.007), smo­king behavior (OR= 3.58; 95% CI= 1.42 to 9.03; p= 0.007), and age (OR= 6.29; 95% CI= 0.40 to 16.43; p<0.001). Periodontal disease decreased with good knowledge on oral and dental health (OR= 0.17; 95% CI= 0.06 to 0.45; p<0.001), high education (OR= 0.21; 95% CI= 0.08 to 0.55; p= 0.001), good oral and dental health behavior (OR= 0.25; 95% CI= 0.10 to 0.61; p= 0.003), and high income (OR= 0.19; 95% CI= 0.07 to 0.50; p= 0.001).

Conclusion: The occurrence of periodontal disease increases with plaque, calculus, smo­­king behavior, and age. Periodontal disease decreases with good knowledge on oral and dental health, high education, good oral and dental health behavior, and high in­come.

Keywords: periodontal disease, risk factors

Correspondence: HilmiyIlaRobbihi. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Jl. Ir. Sutami 36 A, 57126, Surakarta, Central Java. Email: hilmiyila­robbi­hi@gmail.com. Mobile: +628975565050.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2019.05.02

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