Factors Associated with Vision Disorder in Pregnant Women


Trilaksana Nugroho1), Hari Peni Julianti2)

 

1)Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Diponegoro

2)Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Diponegoro

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Pregnancy can affect every part of a woman’s body. Disorders arising in pregnancy, such as preeclampsia and eclampsia, can also present with visual symp­toms. Pregnancy brings an increase in hormones that may cause changes in vision. Vision disorders during pregnancy may be temporary, transitory, completely transient, or in some cases even permanent. This study aimed to determine the factors associated with vision disorder in pregnant women.

Subjects and Method: A cross sectional study was carried out at Gunungpati co­m­mu­­nity health center, Semarang, Central Java. A total of 53 pregnant women was selec­t­ed for this study. The dependent variable werevision disorder.The independent vari­ables were gestational age, educational level, eye complaint, refractive status, eye check­ing, and information exposure. The data were collected by questi­on­naire and interview. Refractive status was measured using Snellen optotype. The data were analyzed by chi-square test with prevalence ratio as the measure as the asso­ci­a­tion.

ResultsFactors associated with vision disorder in pregnant women were education level (PR= 2.31; 95% CI=1.60 to 3.35; p≤ 0.001) and refraction status (PR= 8.12; 95%CI= 6.42 to 10.28; p= 0.007). The associations between gestational age (PR= 0.43; 95%CI= 0.11 to 1.70; p= 0.215), eye complaint (PR= 0.86; 95%CI= 0.07 to 10.12; p= 0.903), eye-checking (PR= 1.17; 95% CI= 0.10 to 13.87; p= 0.903) and vision disorder were not statistically significant.69.8% of the pregnant women had poor knowledge and 30.2% had fair knowledge about eye health. All pregnant women did not receive eye health information from the community health service.

Conclusion: Education and refraction status are associated with vision disorder in preg­nant women.

Keywords: vision disorder, health, pregnant women

Correspondence: Trilaksana Nugroho. Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang, Central Java. Email: trilaks@yahoo.com. Mobile: 0811296047.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2019.05.39

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