Knowledge, Contraceptive Prevalence Rate, Education Level, and Unmet Need of Family Planning among Women in Indonesia

Tjahja Bintoro1), Bhisma Murti2), Endang Sutisna2)Made Mahaguna Putra3)


1)Study Program in Development Counseling/Community Empowerment, Universitas Sebelas Maret

2)Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret

3)School of Health Sciences, Buleleng, Bali



Background: Indonesia is one of the countries with the largest population in the world. Efforts to control population growth are carried out through population planning programs for family planning (FP) and family development (FD) in order to realize the norm of small, happy, and prosperous families. This study aimed to explore knowledge, contraceptive prevalence rate, education level, and unmet need of FP.

Subjects and Method: This was a descriptive study.The data were collected from the Survey of performance indicators for the FP Program and FD in 2017. The data were presented in percent.

Results: A total of 99% women aged 15-49 known modern contraceptive methods. However, the use of IUDs had continued to decline over the past 20 years by 4%. The use of FP injections increased substantially to 32%, pill was used by 13%. The used of FP methods according to the type of contraception also varies according to the level of education. Three-month birth control injections wasthe most popular method in all categories of women’s education; users of 3-month FP injection declined with high level of educa­tion. IUDs, condoms, and female sterilization were mostly used by married women with tertiary education. However, they also used more traditional method, especially peri­odic abstinence and intercourse were interrupted. Three-month injection, contra­ceptive implant, and pillwere more commonly used by women with junior high school education and below. While IUD, MOW, one-month injection, male condom, and traditional method, were more widely used among women with higher education. Unmet need for FP among married women was 17.5%, thinning was 8.2%, and limiting births was 9.3%. The target for unmet need for FP in 2017 was 10.26%, while the survey result was still 17.5%. The target for unmet need for FP in 2017 was unreached.

Conclusion: Choice of modern contraceptive methods is determined by education. The used of IUD, MOW, are determined by higher education. The target for unmet need for FP in 2017 cannot be achieved.

Keywords: knowledge, contraceptive prevalence rate, education level,family planning, family development, women

Correspondence: TjahjaBintoro. Study Program in Development Counseling/Community Empower­ment, UniversitasSebelasMaret, Surakarta, Central Java. Email: btjahja34­@yahoo­.­ Mobile: 081330758511.



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