Non-Pharmacological Therapy for Pregnant Women with Low Back Pain: A Systematic Review


Meliyana, Ari Suwondo, Mursid

 

School of Health Polytechnic Ministry of Health, Semarang

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Low back pain is a common, often undertreated, complaint among preg­­nant women. Treatment programs that target weakened muscle tone and posture can help treat some of the common causes of back pain. This study aimed to review sys­te­matically non-pharmacological therapy for pregnant women with low back pain.

Subjects and Method: A systematic review was conducted by searching the fol­low­ing da­tabases included Google Scholar, Science Direct, and Pro Quest which published ar­ti­c­les from 2013 to 2018. The keywords for this review included non-pharrmacology, back pain, pregnancy, therapy, low back pain, and low back pain in pregnancy. The in­clu­­sion criteria were postgraduate article, quantitative, and full text. After review pro­cess 10 articles were included in this review.

Results: Low back pain in pregnant women reduced with various non-phar­ma­co­logical therapy included massage, acupressure, warm compresses, yoga, hypnotherapy, and aromatherapy.

Conclusion: Non-pharmacological therapy is effective to reduce low back pain in preg­­nant women.

Keyword: non-pharmacology, therapy, low back pain, pregnancy.

Correspondence: Meliyana. School of Health Polytechnic Ministry of Health Semarang. Email: yana­meli­39­@gmail.com. Mobile: 0812-7462-9194.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/theicph.2019.05.21

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