Relative Effectiveness of Core Stability Exercise and Mc Kenzie Exercise for Pain Relief in Patients with Low Back Pain

Afif Ghufroni,Ganesa Puput Dinda Kurniawan


Physiotherapy, School of Health Polytechnics, Ministry of Health Surakarta.



Background: The non-specific low back pain (LBP) is a frequent problem faced by the majority of people at some point in their lifetime. Exercise therapy has been advocated an effective treatment for chronic low back pain.This study aimed to determine the ef­fe­ct­iveness of McKenzie’s exercises and core stability exercises for pain relief in patients with LBP.

Subjects and Method: This was a randomized control trial (RCT) conducted at Dr. So­er­adji Tirtonegoro Hospital, Klaten, Central Java from August to September 2017. A sample of 32 patients were randomized into two groups: 16 patients received Mc Kenzie exer­cise and 16 patients received core stability exercise. The independent variable was pain treatment (McKenzie exercise vs. corestability exercise). The depen­dent variable was non-specific LBP. LBP was measured by visual analog scale (VAS). The di­f­ference in mean reduction of non-specific LBP between the two groups was test­ed by indepen­dent t test.

Results:The difference inthe non-specific LBP reduction after treatment in the Mc Kenzie exercise group (Mean= 34.81; SD= 9.61) was higher than in the core stability group (Mean= 26.88; SD= 7.60) and it was statistically significant (p=0.015).

Conclusion: The Mc Kenzie exercise is more effective than core stability exercise to  re­­duce non-specific low back pain.

Keywords: non-spesificlow back pain, core stability exercise, Mc Kenzie exercise.

Correspondence: Afif Ghufroni. Physiotherapy, School of Health Polytechnics, Ministry of Health Sura­karta, Surakarta, Central Java. Email: Mobile: 085725000769.


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