The Effect of Prolonged Intravenous Catheter Installation on The Risk of Phlebitis at Sultan Hadlirin Islamic Hospital in Jepara, Central Java

Noor Hidayah, Yulisetyaningrum, Istifadah


Universitas Muhammadiyah Kudus



Background: Nosocomial infections, otherwise known as healthcare associated infec­tions (HAIs), are those infections acquired in hospital or healthcare service unit that first appear 48 hours or more after hospital admission or within 30 days after discharge fol­lowing in patient care. Intravenous catheters have been indispensable tools of mo­dern medicine. However, long-frequency use of intravenous catheter may cause infection and phlebitis. Phlebitis cases in Sultan Hadlirin Islamic Hospital from Janu­ary to April 2017 was 228 (1.63%). This study aimed to examine the effect of pro­longed in­tra­venous catheter installation on the risk of phlebitis.

Subjects and Method: This was a cross sectional study carried out at Sultan Hadlirin Islamic Hospital in Jepara, Central Java. A sample of 62 inpatients was selected for this study purposively. The dependent variable was phlebitis. The independent variable was prolonged intravenous catheter installation. Data on phlebitis were measured by Visual Infusion Phlebitis Score (VIP Score) questionnaire. Data on duration of intravenous catheter installationwere measured by observation sheet. The data were analyzed by chi-square with OR.

Results:Intravenous catheter installation ≥3 days increased the risk of phlebitis, but it was statistically non-significant (OR= 1.33; 95% CI= 0.13 to 13.35; p= 0.389).

Conclusion: Prolonged intravenous catheter installation ≥3 days increases the risk of phlebitis, but it is statistically non-significant.

Keywords:phlebitis, intravenous catheterinstallation 

CorrespondenceNoor Hidayah. Universitas Muhammadiyah Kudus. Jl. Ganesha 1 Purwosari, Kudus 59316, Central Java. Email: Mobile: 0817456007


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