Relative Effectiveness of Muscle Strengthening and Brain Exercise for Improving Balance in Premenopausal Women

Marti Rustanti, Saifudin Zuhri


School of Health Polytechnics, Ministry of Health, Surakarta



Background: Globally, it is estimated that 1.2 billion women worldwide will face menopausal or postmenopausal by the year 2030. Losing muscle mass is common during and after menopause. Specific types of activity like muscle strengthening and brain exercise may improve balance and reduce the risk of fall. This study aimed to examine the relative effectiveness of muscle strengthening and brain exercise for improving dynamic balance in pre-menopausal women.

Subjects and Method: This was a quasi-experimental study before and after treatment with no control group design. This study was conducted in Karanganyar, Central Java. A total of 54 pre-menopausal women were selected for this study. The dependent variable was the dynamic balance. The independent variable was intervention type for improvement balance, either muscle strengthening or brain exercise. The dynamic balance was measured by Time up Go (TUG) Test and Step Test before and after treatment. The data were analyzed by t-test.

Results: TUG test showed mean difference of dynamic balance in the muscle strengthening group (Mean= 7.83; SD= 0.70) and in the brain exercise group (Mean=8.16; SD= 1.19), but it was statistically non-significant (p> 0.05). Steps test showed no difference in mean of dynamic balance between the muscle strengthening group (Mean= 9.37; SD= 1.00) and the brain exercise group (Mean= 9.37; SD= 1.82), and it was statistically non-significant (p> 0.05).

Conclusion: Muscle strengthening and brain exercise show comparable effect in maintaining/improving the dynamic balance of premenopausal women.

Keywords: muscle strengthening, brain exercise, dynamic balance, premenopausal women

Correspondence: Marti Rustanti. School of Health Polytechnics, Ministry of Health, Surakarta. Jl. Letjen Sutoyo, Mojosongo, Jebres, Surakarta 57127, Central Java. Email: Mobile: 082137594522.


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