Spatial Analysis of the Distribution and Transmission of Clinical Scabies


Yudhi Wibowo1), Nendyah Roestijawati1), Dyah Krisnansari1)Agoes Y Purnomo2)

 

1)Department of Public Health & Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Purwokerto

2) Magetan District Health Office, East Java

 

ABSTRACT

Background: The prevalence of scabies in tropical countries is still high at more than 200 million cases per year. In some developing countries, the prevalence of scabies is around 6% to 27% of the general population. The prevalence of scabies ranks third in the 12 most common skin diseases in Indonesia. The study aimed to describe the spatial modeling using geographic information systems (GIS), and to determine the relationship between environmental sanitation and clinical scabies.

Subjects and Method: This was a case-control study conducted in Jatilawang, Banyumas, Central Java. Sample size was 100 study subjects consisting of clinical scabies (cases) and healthy people (controls) with a ratio of 1:1. The dependent variable was clinical scabies. The independent variable was environmental sanitation. The data were analyzed using GIS modeling to determine the spatial distribution of clinical scabies. The assosiation between the variables were analyzed using a multiple logistic regression.

Results: The distribution of clinical scabies incidence was clustered. The transmission was in a clockwise direction with Southeast and Northwest ellipses. Poor environmental sanitation was positively associated with clinical scabies incidence (aOR= 3.05; 95% CI= 1.19 to 7.81).

Conclusion: The distribution of clinical scabies incident is clustered, and the transmission is in a clockwise direction with Southeast and Northwest ellipses. Poor environmental sanitation is positively associated with clinical scabies incidence.

Keywords: spatial analysis, risk factors, incidence, scabies

Correspondence: Yudhi Wibowo. Department of Public Health & Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Jenderal Soedirman. Jl. Dr. Gumbreg No. 1, Mersi, Purwokerto 53112. Email: dryudhiwibowo2005@gmail.com. Mobile: +62281622022/08112621904.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/the6thicph.01.16

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