A Qualitative Study on the Dietary Control Practice among Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Mahendro Prasetyo Kusumo1,2)


1)Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Muhamadiyah Yogyakarta

2)Masters Program in Hospital Management, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta



Background: Globally, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is considered as one of the most common diseases. Dietary habits and sedentary lifestyle are the major factors for r­a­pidly rising incidence of DM in developing countries. Limited data are available re­garding adherence and barrier to dietary control practice in patients with type 2 dia­betes. This study aimed to investigate the dietary control practice among patients with ty­pe 2 diabetes mellitus.

Subjects and Method: This was qualitative study conducted at primary clinic in Ban­tul, Yogyakarta. A sample of 15 patients with type 2 DM was selected for this study. The the­­me of this study was dietary control practice. The data were collected by Focus Group Discussion (FGD). The data were analyzed descriptively.

Results: The majority of informants said fried food, sweet tea, and compote, were fa­vo­­rite food that could not be missed. There were some factors that affect dietary con­trol of blood glucose level.

Conclusion: Patients with type 2 DM is difficult to leave the habit of eating fried food and sugary drink.

Keywords: dietary control, type 2 diabetes mellitus

Correspondence: Mahendro Prasetyo Kusumo. Department of Public Health, Medical Faculty Univer­si­tas Muhamadiyah Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Email: mahepasca@gmail.com. Mobile: 085­727351630.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/the6thicph.02.22

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