Association between Self Efficacy and Myth with Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Centro Saude Becora and Gleno in Timor Leste


Joaninha C. de Jesus, Anderias Umbu Roga, Jacob M. Ratu

 

Masters Program of Public Health, Universitas Nusa Cendana, Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Tuberculosis (TB) remains a significant cause of both illness and death in developing countries including Timor Leste. Self effcacy is a key of succesful factor of adherence in TB treatment. Myths and misconceptions about TB can serve as a barrier to efforts at reducing stigmatisation of people infected and affected by the disease. These negative dispositions often result in delayed health seeking as well as stigmatisation of people infected. This study aimed to examine the association between self efficacy and myth with pulmonary tuberculosis among people of productive age in Centro Saude Becora and Gleno in Timor Leste.

Subjects and Method: This was a case control study conducted at Centro Saude Becora and Centro Saude Gleno Health Centers, Timor Leste. A sample of 86 people of productive age was selected for this study. The dependent variable was clinical pulmonary tuberculosis. The independent variable was self efficacy and myth. Data on the clinical pulmonary tuberculosis were obtained from the medical record. The other data were collected by a set of questionnaire. The bivariate analysis was performed by chi square.

Results: The risk of pulmonary tuberculosis decreased with good self efficacy, but it was statistically non-significant, both at Centro Saude Becora (OR= 3.23; 95%CI= 0.31 to 33.04; p=0.323) and Centro Gleno (OR=1.00; 95% CI= 0.02 to 4.46; p=1.000). The risk of pulmonary tuberculosis decreased with did not hold myths both Centro Saude Becora and it was statistically significant (OR= 0.48; 95%CI= 0.01 to 0.49; p=0.004) and Centro Gleno (OR=6.80; 95%CI= 2.02 to 22.90; p=0.003).

Conclusion: The risk of pulmonary tuberculosis is not associated with self efficacy.

Keywords: pulmonary tuberculosis, self efficacy, myth

Correspondence: Joaninha C. de Jesus. Master Program in Public Health, Universitas Nusa Cendana, Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara. Email: ninanivio2017@gmail.com. Mobile: +67077-436488.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/the6thicph.01.57

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