Determinants of Coronary Heart Disease among Outpatients in Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara

Intje Picauly


Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Nusa Cendana



Background: Indonesian Basic Health Research in 2013 reported that the East Nusa Tenggara (NTT) province had the highest prevalence of coronary heart disease (CHD), and was followed by Central Sulawesi and South Sulawesi. Medical records data of Prof. Dr. W.Z. Johannes Hospital in Kupang showed that CHD patients from January to September 2018 were 125 people. The study aimed to estimate the determinants of CHD among outpatients in Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara.

Subjects and Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Kupang. All outpatients undergoing CHD treatment in Kupang City during November 2018 were selected for this study. The dependent variable was CHD. The independent variables were diet, alcohol consumption, smoking habits, family history of illness, and physical activity. The data were collected by questionnaire and food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). The data were analyzed using multiple logistic regression.

Results: Low education (OR= 2.26; p< 0.001) and smoking habit (OR= 0.60; p=0.08) increase the risk of CHD and it was statically significant. The associations between CHD and history of hypertension (OR= 0.80; p=0.460) and nutritional status (OR= 1.00; p= 0.540) were statistically not significant in this study.

Conclusion: Low education and smoking habit increase the risk of coronary heart disease.

Keywords: smoking, eating pattern, history of hypertension, nutritional status, coronary heart disease,

Correspondence: Intje Picauly. Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Nusa Cendana, Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara. Email: Mobile: +6282237145517.


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