Determinants of Early Breastfeeding Initiation at Prof Dr Wz Yohanes and Sk Lerik Hospitals, Kupang


Maria Dai Kredok1), Luh Putu Rulianti1,2),Rafael Paun1,2)

1)Masters Program of Public Health, Universitas Nusa Cendana, Kupang

2) Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Nusa Cendana, Kupang

 

ABSTRACT

Background: The World Health Organization (WHO) encourages early initiation of breastfeeding within the first hour after birth with the objective of saving children‘s lives. Several factors may influence initiation of breastfeeding practice. This study aimed to examine determinants of early breastfeeding initiation in postpartum mothers at Prof Dr. WZ Yohanes and SK Lerik Hospitals, Kupang.

Subjects and Method: This was a cross sectional study conducted at Prof. DR. W. Z. Yohanes and S. K. Lerik hospitals, Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara in 2019. A total of 190 postpartum mothers were selected for this study randomly. The dependent variable was early breastfeeding initiation. The independent variables were knowledge, intention, self-efficacy, husband support, and midwife support. The data was collected by a set of questionnaire and analyzed by a mutiple logistic reggresion.

Results: Early breastfeeding initiation was associated with good knowledge, positive attitude, strong husband support, high self-efficacy, and strong midwife support.

Conclusion: Early breast feeding initiation is associated with knowledge, attitude, husband support, self-efficacy, and midwife support.

Keywords: early breastfeeding, initiation, knowledge, attitude, husband support, selfefficacy, midwife support

Correspondence: Maria Dai Kredok. Master Program in Public Health, Universitas Nusa Cendana, Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara. Email: mariakredok1970@gmail.com.  Mobile: 082144747179.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/the6thicph.03.88

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