Effect of Health Education on Increasing Knowledge of Exclusive Breastfeeding at Tegalrejo Health Center, Yogyakarta


Ismi Nur Khasanah, Dewi Rokhanawati, Suesti 

 

Study Program in Midwifery, Universitas Aisyiyah, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Exclusive breastfeeding has clearly been shown to improve infant health and development. It lowers morbidity from gastrointestinal and allergic diseases. Despite the benefits of breastfeeding, the prevalence and duration in Indonesia is still low. To encourage early initiation of breastfeeding and to prevent and overcome difficulties, mothers need appropriate management and skilled help. This study aimed to investigate the effect of health education on increasing knowledge of exclusive breast feeding among breastfeeding women at Tegalrejo Health Center, Yogyakarta.

Subject and Method: This was a quasi experiment before and after with control design conducted at Tegalrejo Community Health Center, Yogyakarta. Total of 36 pregnant mothers were selected for this study by total sampling. The dependent variable was knowledge on exclusive breast feeding. The independent variable was health education. The data was collected by questionnaire and bivariate analysis was performed by independent t-test.

Result: After receiving health education, 7 (3.8%) pregnant women were in good knowledge and 11 (61.6%) were in fair knowledge. Knowledge of exclusive breast feeding was better after health education than before and it was statistically significant (p<0.001).  

Conclusion: Health education is effective to improve knowledge of exclusive breast feeding among pregnant women.

Keywords: health education, knowledge, exclusive breast feeding

Correspondence: Ismi Nur Khasanah. Study Program in Midwifery, Universitas Aisyiyah, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Email: mimiismi1710@gmail.com. Mobile: 085291804040.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/the6thicph.03.48

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