Effect of Nutrition, Stimulation, and Hygiene on the Growth and Development on Children Under Five Years

Catur Yulinawati, Nidatul Khofiyah


Universitas Aisyiyah Yogyakarta



Background: Universal access to quality early childhood growth and development is part of sustainable development goals (SDGs). Caring, healthy food intake, mental stimulation, and supportive environment may promote optimal early childhood growth and development, and therefore increase child chance of a successful transition to school. This study aimed to determine the effect of nutrition, stimulation, and hygiene on the growth and development of children under five years.

Subjects and Method: A systematic review was conducted by searching articles from PubMed and ProQuest databases. The inclusion criteria were: (1) Studies on children under five; (2) Discussed the effect of nutrition, stimulation, and hygiene on growth and development; (3) Full text, from 2008-2018, and international journals. The article appraisal employed the Critical Appraisal Skills Program (CASP) and the study synthesis used PICO modification.

Results: Studies under review reported various types of stimulation, including (1) Cognitive stimulation; (2) Motoric stimulation; and (3) Language stimulation. These types of stimulation, in conjunction with nutrition intake and personal hygiene affected child growth and development.

Conclusion: Stimulation, nutrition, and hygiene affect growth and development of children under five years of age.

Keywords: stimulation, growth, development, children under five

Correspondence: Catur Yulinawati. Universitas Aisyiyah Yogyakarta. Jl. Siliwangi (Ring Road West) No. 63 Mlangi, Nogotirto, Gamping, Sleman 55292, Yogyakarta. Email: catur.yulianawati@gmail.com. Mobile: 085263142441.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/the6thicph.03.60

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