Effect of Playdough on Fine Motor Skill Development in Preschool Children Aged 4 to 6 Years at Wachid Hasyim Kindergarten, Surabaya, East Java



Diploma Program in Nursing, School of Health Sciences Adi Husada, Surabaya



Background: Daily activities for children require a variety of motor skills, which are developed and refined through practice. This includes balance, coordination, fine and gross motor skills. Fine manual skills are essential for children at a preschool-aged level. Problems with these skills can affect children in diverse ways. Poor fine motor control is responsible for incorrect size or placement of letters, and inadequate pencil grip, which may result in slow, jerky writing. This study aimed to determine the effect of playdough on fine motor skill development in preschool children aged 4 to 6 years at Wachid Hasyim Kindergarten, Surabaya, East Java.

Subjects and Method: This was a quasi-experimental study before and after with no control design. This study was conducted at Wachid Hasyim Kindegarden, Surabaya, East Java. A sampel of 26 children aged 4 to 6 years were selected for this study randomly. The dependent variabel was fine motor development. The independent variable was playing with playdough. The playing activities were carried out for 25 minutes each for 7 times. The data were collected by fine motor skill instrument. The mean scores of motor skill before and after intervention were compared and tested by Wilcoxon test.

Results: Percent of children with poor fine motor skills after intervention (25%) was lower than that before intervention (45.6%), and it was statistically significant (p<0.001). Mean score of fine motor skills after intervention (Mean= 13.02; SD= 2.59) was higher than that before intervention (Mean= 11.94; SD= 2.29), and it was statistically significant (p<0.001).

Conclusion: Playing playdough is effective to improve fine motor development for children aged 4 to 6 years. Further studies with randomized control trial (RCT) design to address this issue are recommended to provide stronger evidence.

Keywords: playdough, fine motor development, preschool children.

Correspondence: Rukmini. Diploma Program in Nursing Adi Husada, Surabaya, East Java. Email: rukmini.73@gmail.com. Mobile: 081231833801.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/the6thicph.03.92

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