Effectiveness of Progressive Muscle Relaxation Therapy on The Reduction of Nausea and Vomitting in First Trimester Pregnant Women

Maria Ulfa


School of Health Sciences Patria Husada, Blitar, East Java



Background: Women during first trimester pregnancy often experience many different symptoms that may be difficult to alleviate. Such symptoms include nausea and vomiting. Previous studies showed that Progressive Muscle Relaxation (PMR) can be effective to alleviate undesired symptoms experienced by pregnant women. However, similar empirical evidence from Indonesia is lacking. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of PMR therapy on the reduction of nausea and vomitting in first trimester pregnant women.

Subjects and Method: This was a quasi-experiment with one group pre test and post test design conducted at Kanigoro sub-district, Blitar, East Java, from April to May 30, 2019. A total of 200 women of first trimester pregnancy were selected for this study. The dependent variables were nausea and vomiting. The independent variable was PMR therapy. The data were analyzed by Wilcoxon sign rank test.

Results: Before intervention, the nausea and vomiting level was 80% in the moderate category, 20% in the mild category. After intervention, the nausea and vomiting level was 0% in the moderate category, 100% in the mild category. This reduction of nausea and vomiting was statistically significant.

Conclusion: Progressive Muscle Relaxation therapy is effective to reduce nausea and vomiting in first trimester pregnancy women.

Keywords: nausea, vomiting, progressive muscle relaxation.

Correspondence: Maria Ulfa. School of Health Sciences, Patria Husada Blitar, Jl. Sudanco Supriyadi No 168, Blitar, East Java. Email: Ulfamaria845@gmail.com. Mobile: 082143499940.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/the6thicph.03.49

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