Effectiveness of Stimulation on Meridian Sp6 and Li4 Acupuncture Points to Reduce Pain and Duration of Labor


Finta Isti Kundarti1), Hanung Prasetya2)

 

1)Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang, Central Java

2)School of Health Polytechnics, Ministry of Health Surakarta, Central Java

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Labor pain is recognized as one of the most severe and acute human pain. Although labor pain is an important biological sign indicating that labor is starting, it should be terminated when its purpose has ended. Previous studies reported that non-pharmacological methods have the potential to control labor pain and are harmless for mother and fetus under proper medical supervision. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of stimulation on meridian SP6 and LI4 acupuncture points to reduce pain and duration of labor.

Subjects and Method: This was a randomized controlled trial conducted at Melinda and Aura Syifa Hospitals, in Kediri, East Java, from September to October 2016. A sample of 60 primigravida women was selected and randomly allocated in two groups: 30 women in the intervention group and 30 women in the control group. The dependent variables were pain and duration of labor. The independent variable (the intervention) was stimulation on meridian SP6 and LI4 points. The pain data were obtained by visual analog scale (VAS). The mean differences of pain score and labor duration were compared and tested by t-test.

Results: After intervention, pain score in the acupuncture group (Mean= 2.00; SD= 0.79) was lower than the control group (Mean= 2.09; SD= 0.88), and it was statistically significant (p= 0.041). The duration of labor was shorter in the acupuncture group than the control group, and it was also statistically significant.

Conclusions: Stimulation on meridian SP6 and LI4 acupuncture points is effective to reduce labor pain and duration.

Keywords:acupuncture,SP6, LI4 point, labor pain, duration of labor 

Correspondence: Finta Isti Kundarti. Universitas Diponegoro Semarang, Central Java. Email: fintaisti@gmail.com. Mobile: 085700100332.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/the6thicph.03.95

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