Effects of Peer Support and Sanitation Facilities on Personal Hygiene among Female Students Having Menstruation in Sragen, Central Java

Kunaryanti1,2), Uki Retno Budihastuti3),Yulia Lanti Retno Dewi4)


1)Academy of Nursing YAPPI, Sragen, Central Java

2)Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret

3)Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Dr. Moewardi Hospital, Surakarta

4) Departmen of Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret



Background: Menstrual hygiene is vital to the empowerment and well-being of female adolescents and adults. However, menstrual practices still face many social, cultural, and religious restrictions, such that it becomes a big barrier in the path of the menstrual hygiene management. In some countries, especially in rural areas, girls are not prepared and aware about menstruation so they face difficulties and challenges at home, school, and workplace. This study aimed to investigate the effect of peer support and sanitation facilities on personal hygiene among female students having menstruation in Sragen, Central Java.

Subjects and Method: A cross-sectional study was carried out at senior high schools in Sragen, Central Java, from April to June 2019. A sample of 200 female students was selected by simple random sampling. The dependent variable was personal hygiene. The independent variables were peer support and availability of personal hygiene facility. The data were collected by questionnaire and analyzed by a multiple logistic regression. 

Results: Personal hygiene during menstruation improved with strong peer support (b=1.83; 95% CI= 1.17 to 2.49; p<0.001) and good availability of personal hygiene facility (b=1.08; 95% CI= 0.41 to 1.75; p= 0.002).

Conclusion: Personal hygiene during menstruation improves with strong peer support and availability of personal hygiene facility

Keywords: personal hygiene, peer support, health facility

Correspondence: Kunaryanti. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java. Email: kunaryanti@yahoo.com. Mobile: +6285700900029.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/the6thicph.03.65

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