Exclusive Breastfeeding, Complementary Feeding, and Other Factors Affecting The Risk of Stunting in Children Under Five Years of Age

Baroroh Barir1), Bhisma Murti2), Eti Poncorini Pamungkasari3)


1)Masters Program in Nutrition, Universitas Sebelas Maret

2)Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret

3)Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret



Background: In Indonesia, 37.2% of children under the age of five are stunted and public awareness of this issue is low. Stunting can reduce an individual‘s productivity at a young age, and increases risks of developing non-communicable diseases when older. This study aimed to analyzed exclusive breastfeeding, complementary feeding, and other factors affecting the risk of stunting in children under five.

Subjects and Method: A case control study was carried out in Plandaan and Kabuh community health centers, Jombang, East Java, from March to April 2019. A sample of 200 children under five was selected for this study by fixed disease sampling. The dependent variable was stunting. The independent variables were birth length, birth weight, exclusive breastfeeding, and complementary feeding. Height was measured by microtoise. The other variables were collected by maternal and child health book and questionnaire. The data were analyzed by a multiple logistic regression.

Results: Stunting negatively associated with birth length ≥48 cm (b= -2.37; 95% CI= 3.25 to -1.50; p<0.001), birth weight ≥2,500 g (b= -1.43; 95% CI= -2.53 to -0.32; p= 0.011), exclusive breastfeeding (b= -1.09; 95% CI= -1.90 to -0.28; p= 0.008), and timely complementary feeding (b= -1.09; 95% CI= -1.94 to -0.24; p= 0.012).

Conclusion: Stunting negatively associates with birth length ≥48 cm, birth weight ≥2,500 g, exclusive breastfeeding, and timely complementary feeding.

Keywords: stunting, exclusive breastfeeding, complementary feeding

Correspondence: Baroroh Barir. Masters Program in Nutrition, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java. Email: barorohbarir5@gmail.com. Mobile: +6281331940865.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/the6thicph.03.10

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