Factors Affecting Language Development among Chidren Aged 30-36 Months at Batakte Community Health Center, Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara

Masri W.M Ndoen, M. Dinah Charlota Lerik, Paula Tibuludji


Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Nusa Cendana, Kupang



Background: Communication is crucial to interact and develop social relationships. Communication development starts from interaction between the parents and child. A number of studies point to parental (especially maternal) language as an influential factor in child variability. The purpose of this study was to determine factors affecting language development among chidren aged 30-36 months at Batakte community health center, Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara.

Subjects and Method: A cross sectional study was carried out at Batakte health center, Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara. A sample of 114 children aged 30-36 months was selected randomly. The dependent variable was language development. The independent variables were maternal knowledge, education, attitude, and family income. Language development was measured by pre-screening development questionnaire. The other variables were collected by questionnaire. The data were analyzed by a multiple logistic regression.

Results: Good child language development was affected by good maternal knowledge (OR= 17.46; 95% CI= 2.59 to 117.65; p= 0.003), high maternal education (OR= 443.73; 95% CI= 16.83 to 116.01; p<0.001), positive attitude (OR= 39.83; 95% CI= 4.82 to 329.35; p= 0.001), and high family income (OR= 13.81; 95% CI= 1.86 to 102.82; p= 0.010).

Conclusion: Child language development is affected by maternal knowledge, maternal education, attitude, and family income.

Keywords: language development, children aged 30-36 months

Correspondence: Masri W.M Ndoen. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Nusa Cendana, Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara. Email: ndoenmasri@gmail.com. Mobile: 081236167889.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/the6thicph.03.73

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