Factors Affecting Quality of Work Life Among Nurses at Prof. Dr. W.Z. Johannes Hospital, Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara


Lisna Puspita Anggraeny Bengu, Jacob Ratu, Andreas Umbu Roga

 

Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Nusa Cendana, Kupang

 

ABSTRACT

Background: It is a crucial issue for health care facilities to have a qualified, dedicated, and inspired nurse. However, this requirement may be affected by quality of work life (QWL). QWL refers to the favourableness or unfavourableness of a job environment for the people working in an organisation. However, nurses tend to require shift work, direct patient contact for care, high time burden, work overload, and unfavorable environment resulting in lower QWL. This study aimed to investigate factors affecting QWL among nurses at Prof. DR. W.Z. Johannes hospital, Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara.

Subjects and Method: A cross sectional study was conducted in Prof. Dr. A.Z. Johannes hospital, Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara. A sample of 50 nurses was selected by proportional random sampling. The dependent variable was QWL. The independent variables were age, dual role conflict, and physical work environment. The data were collected by questionnaire and analyzed by a multiple logistic regression.

Results: Age (OR= 0.54; 95% CI= 0.11 to 2.58; p= 0.435) and dual role conflict (OR= 0.23; 95% CI= 0.021 to 2.63; p= 0.238) decreased QWL among nurses. Good physical work environment (OR= 20.74; 95% CI= 1.465 to 293.61; p= 0.025) increased QWL among nurses.

Conclusion: Age and dual role conflict decrease QWL of nurses. Good physical work environment increases QWL of nurses.

Keywords: quality of work life, dual role conflict, work environment, nurse

Correspondence: Lisna Puspita Anggraeny Bengu. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Nusa Cendana, Kupang 85001, East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia. Email: lisnabengu@gmail.com. Mobile: 081337527003.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/the6thicph.04.22

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