Factors Associated with Secondary Postpartum Hemorrhage at Wongsonegoro Hospital Semarang

Waode Ikrawati, Indah Wulaningsih, Witri Hastuti


Universitas Aisyiyah, Yogyakarta



Background: Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is the leading cause of maternal mortality. Prevalence of secondary PPH at Wongsonegoro Hospital, Semarang, Central Java was 37 (1.56%) in 2013, 36 (1.39%) in 2014, 33 (0.97%) in 2015, and 37 (1.06%) in 2016. This study aimed to examine the factors associated with secondary PPH at Wongsonegoro, Hospital Semarang, Central Java.

Subjects and Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted at Wongsonegoro Hospital, Semarang, Central Java. A total of 143 mothers with secondary PPH was selected for this study. The dependent variable was secondary PPH. The independent variables were age, anemia, parity, and interval between pregnancies. Bivariate analysis was performed by Chi-square test.

Results: A total of 89 mothers (62.2%) aged > 35 years, and 54 mothers (37.8%) aged 20-35 years. 84 mothers (58.7%) were anemia. 86 mothers (60.1%) had ≥4 times parity. 89 mothers (62.2%) had <2 years interval pregnancies. Bivariate analysis showed the prevalence of secondary PPH increased with aged > 35 years, anemia, ≥4 times parity, and <2 years interval pregnancies.

Conclusion: Secondary postpartum hemorrhage prevalence increases with aged> 35 years, anemia, ≥4 time parity, and 2 years interval pregnancies.

Keywords: secondary postpartum hemorrhage, pregnant women

Correspondence: Waode Ikrawati. Universitas Aisyiyah, Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Email: waodeikrawati@yahoo.com. Mobile: 085224993421.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/the6thicph.03.40 

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