Factors Influencing Clean and Healthy Behavior among Elderly with Hypertension

Septian Najib Imtichan1), Didik Tamtomo2), Endang Sutisna Sulaeman2)


1)Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret

2)Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret



Background: Previous studies suggest that healthy lifestyle plays an important role in improving health-related quality of life. As a kind of behavior-related disease, the oc­currence of hypertension is closely associated with unhealthy behaviour. However, the rate of hypertension self-awareness, access to treatment service, and hypertension control among elderly are low because early stages of the disease do not show any ob­vious signs and symptoms. This study aimed to examine factors influencing clean and heal­thy behavior among elderly with hypertension.

Subjects and Method: This was a cross sectional study conducted in Ngawi, East Java, from June to July 2019. A sample of 200 elderly was selected for study by a mul­tistage random sampling. The dependent variable was clean and healthy behavior. The independent variables were perceived susceptibility, perceived benefit, attitude, and family support. The data were collected by questionnaire and analyzed by a multiple linear regression.

Results: Clean and healthy behavior increased with high perceived susceptibility (OR= 4.38; 95% CI= 0.15 to 0.41; p<0.001), high perceived benefit (OR= 4.51; 95% CI= 0.13 to 0.33; p<0.001), positive attitude (OR= 9.81; 95% CI= 0.30 to 0.45; p<0.001), and strong family support (OR= 2.61; 95% CI= 0.03 to 0.23; p= 0.010).

Conclusion: Clean and healthy behavior increases with high perceived susceptibility, high perceived benefit, positive attitude, and strong family support.

Keywords: clean and healthy behaviour, health belief model, elderly

CorrespondenceSeptian Najib Imtichan. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret. Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java. Email: septianimtichan@gmail.com. Mobile: +6285229799672.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/the6thicph.02.13

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