Prenatal Characteristics and Stunting in Children Aged 2-3 Years in Malang, East Java


Lidia Ekiq Kurniavie

 

1)Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret

2)Study Program in Midwifery, School of Health Polytechnics, Ministry of Health, Malang, East Java

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Maternal undernutrition results in fetal growth restriction, and infectious diseases in pregnancy can result in preterm delivery. Both of these conditions are important contributors to stunting in early childhood, albeit their relative contribution varies by world region. This study aimed to determine prenatal characteristics and stunting in children aged 2-3 years in Malang, East Java.

Subjects and Method: A cross sectional study was carried out in Sukun, Malang, East Java. A sample of 45 children aged 2-3 years was selected purposively. The dependent variable was stunting. The independent variables were sex, birth order, maternal age at pregnancy, and maternal mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC). The data were obtained from maternal and child health book and questionnaire. The data were analyzed by a multiple logistic regression.

Results: The risk of stunting in children aged 2-3 years increased with female (OR= 1.20; 95% CI= 0.20 to 7.14; p= 0.830), birth order ≥2 (OR= 2.34; 95% CI= 0.39 to 13.74; p= 0.340), maternal age at pregnancy <20 or ≥35 years old (OR= 8.96; 95% CI= 0.78 to 102.08; p= 0.077), and maternal MUAC in pregnancy <23 cm (OR= 15.73; 95% CI= 1.56 to 57.91; p= 0.020).

Conclusion: The risk of stunting in children aged 2-3 years increases with female, birth order ≥2, maternal age at pregnancy <20 or ≥35 years old, and maternal MUAC in pregnancy <23 cm.

Keywords: stunting, prenatal factors, children aged 2-3 years

Correspondence: Lidia Ekiq Kurniavie. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret. Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java, Indonesia. Email: ekiqlkv@gmail.com. Mobile: 085852540575.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/the6thicph.03.75

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