Regression Analysis on The Effect of Menopause and Family Intimacy on Quality of Life in Adult Women

Shally Ayu Chintya1), Uki Retno Budihastuti2), Rita Benya Adriani3)


1)Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret

2)Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Dr. Moewardi Hospital, Surakarta

3)Health Polytechnics Program, Ministry of Health, Surakarta



Background: Quality of life is an important outcome measure of health care, and understanding the impact of menopause on quality of life is a critically important part of the care of symptomatic postmenopausal women. This study aimed to examine the effect of menopause and family intimacy on quality of life in adult women.

Subjects and Method: This was a case control study carried out at 6 community health centers (puskesmas) in Ponorogo, East Java, from March to April 2019. A sample of 225 women aged 40-64 years old was selected by purposive sampling. The dependent variable was quality of life (QoL). The independent variables were menopause, hot flush, anxiety, insomnia, vaginal dryness, and family intimacy. Data on QoL was measured by Short from Health Survey-36 (SF-36). Insomnia was measured by Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. Anxiety was measured by Depression Anxiety Stress Scales. The other variables were collected by questionnaire and analyzed by a multiple linear regression.

Results: Menopause (b= -3.54; 95%CI= -6.66 to -0.42; p= 0.026), hot flush (b= -1.36; 95%CI= -2.76 to 0.03; p= 0.057), anxiety (b= -1.13; 95%CI= -1.70 to -0.57; p<0.001), insomnia (b= -0.63; 95%CI= -1.38 to 0.10; p= 0.092), and vaginal dryness (b= -1.82; 95%CI= -3.35 to -0.28; p= 0.020) decreased quality of life. Strong family intimacy (b= 0.71; 95%CI= 0.41 to 1.01; p<0.001) increased quality of life.

Conclusion: Menopause, hot flush, anxiety, insomnia, and vaginal dryness decrease quality of life. Strong family intimacy increases quality of life.

Keywords: quality of life, menopause, vaginal dryness, family intimacy

Correspondence: Shally Ayu Chintya. Masters Program in Public Health. Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java, Indonesia. Email: Mobile: 087702640660.


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