Relationship between Exclusive Breastfeeding and Stunting in Children Aged 6 Months Old

Ivanda Glanny Anindya1), Harsono Salimo2), Yulia Lanti Retno Dewi3)


1)Masters Program in Nutrition, Universitas Sebelas Maret

2)Department of Pediatrics, Dr. Moewardi Hospital, Surakarta

3) Department in Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret



Background: The detrimental effects of poor nutrition, poor health, and poor care practices on infant growth restriction may also hold true on delayed motor and mental development. A better understanding of the determinants of stunting will help fill the knowledge and policy gaps, which may help promote child health and well-being. The purpose of this study was to examine relationship between exclusive breastfeeding and stunting in children aged 6 months old.

Subjects and Method: A cross sectional study was carried out in Jember, East Java. A sample of 115 lactating mothers was selected by purposive sampling. The dependent variable was stunting. The independent variables were exclusive breastfeeding, maternal BMI, and maternal zinc intake. The data were collected by questionnaire and analyzed by a multiple logistic regression.

Results: Maternal BMI <18.5 increased the risk of stunting (OR= 3.14; 95% CI= 1.42 to 6.91; p= 0.005). Exclusive breastfeeding (OR= 0.55; 95% CI= 0.24 to 1.23; p= 0.143) and maternal zinc intake (OR= 0.68; 95% CI= 0.26 to 1.79; p=0.436) reduced the risk of stunting, although it was statistically non-significant.

Conclusion: Maternal BMI <18.5 increases the risk of stunting. Exclusive breastfeeding and maternal zinc intake reduce the risk of stunting, although in this study it is statistically non-significant.

Keywords: stunting, exclusive breastfeeding

Correspondence: Ivanda Glanny Anindya. Masters Program in Nutrition, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java. Email: Mobile: +6289648856374.


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