Relationship between Hemoglobin Level and Low Birth Weight among Pregnant Mothers at Sibela Health Center, Surakarta, Central Java

Ardhita Resiani, Hari Wahyu Nugroho


Department of Pediatrics, Dr. Moewardi Hospital, Surakarta



Background: Infant low birth weight (LBW) is one of the major problems in Indonesia. Children with birth weight less than 2,500 grams were considered to have a higher risk of morbidity and mortality than that of children whose weight were above or equal 2,500 grams. Several maternal factors such as age, nutritional, and anemia may affect LBW. This study aimed to determine the relationship between hemoglobin (Hb) level and LBW among pregnant mothers at Sibela Health Center, in Surakarta, Central Java.

Subjects and method: This was a cohort retrospective study conducted at Sibela Community Health Center, in Surakarta, Central Java. A sample of 1,004 pregnant women was selected for this study. The dependent variable was LBW. The independent variable was hemoglobin level. The data were obtained from medical record from January to December 2018. The correlation between variables was measured by Pearson correlation.

Results: Hemoglobin level in pregnant mothers was positively correlated with LBW, but it was statistically non-significant (r= 0.35; p= 0.256).

Conclusion: Hemoglobin level in pregnant mothers is positively correlated with LBW, although it is statistically non-significant. Further studies with a larger sample size are recommended to show statistical significance in this Hb-LBW association.

Keywords: hemoglobin level, pregnant, low birth weight.

Correspondence: Ardhita Resiani. Department of Pediatrics, Dr. Moewardi Hospital, Surakarta, Central Java. Email:   Mobile: 082226542469.


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