Relationship between Knowledge, Attitude, Behavior, and Needle Stick Injury among Nurses at Cilegon Public Hospital, Banten


Salsa Nabila, Aulia Chairani, Diana Agustini

 

Faculty of Medicine, UPN Veteran Jakarta

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Needle stick injury is one of the greatest risks faced by nurses. Deadly blood borne pathogens contaminating needle stick injuries may lead to a serious or fa­tal in­fection. This study aimed to examine the relationship between knowledge, at­ti­tude, behavior, and needle stick injury among nurse at Cilegon Regional Public Hos­pital.

Subject and Method: This was cross sectional study conducted at Cilegon Regional Pub­­lic Hospital, Banten, from January to July 2018. Total of 51 nurses at emergency de­partment and central surgical installation were selected for this study by total sam­pling. The dependent variable was needle stick injury. The independent variables were know­ledge, attitude, and behavior. Data was collected by a set of questionnaire and bivariate analysis was performed by chi-square.

Results: Poor knowledge (OR= 20.00; 95% CI= 2.07 to 193.17; p=0.004), poor attitude (OR= 4.28; 95% CI= 1.13 to 16.23; p=0.038), and reckless behavior (OR= 20.40; 95% CI= 4.08 to 101.94; p<0.001) were associated with increased risk of needle stick injury.

Conclusion: Knowledge, attitude, and behavior are associated with needle stick in­jury.

Keywords: knowledge, attitude, behavior, needle stick injury.

Correspondence: Aulia Chairani. Faculty of Medicine, UPN Veteran Jakarta, Indonesia. Email: dr.­au­lia­.­cha­irani@gmail.com. Mobile: 085710189082.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/the6thicph.02.24

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