Risk Factors of Breast Cancer in South-East Asia: A Systematic Review


Hindun Rahim

 

Masters Program in Midwifery, Aisyiyah University Yogyakarta

 

ABSTRACT

Background:  Breast cancer is a reproductive cancer that increases morbidity and mortality. Global Burden Cancer data showed, breast cancer incidence has increased by more than 20%, while the mortality rate has increased by 14% since 2008. This study aimed to systematically review the risk factors of breast cancer in South-East Asia.

Subjects and Method: A systematic review were conducted by searching articles from  electronic databases. The keywords were “breast cancer” OR “breast cancer risk” AND “parity” OR “contraceptive” Or “smoking” AND “South-East Asia”. The dependent variable was breast cancer. The independent variables included age, body mass index, menarche, menopause, parity, contraceptive use, breastfeeding, and smoking. The data were reviewed using PRISMA flow diagram.

Results: Seven articles met the inclusion criteria. Articles reported that age, obesity, menarche at an early age, unhealthy lifestyles, menopause, contraceptive use, and Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) infection were associated with the incidence of breast cancer in South-East Asia.

Conclusion: Breast cancer incidence increases with age, obesity, menarche at an early age, unhealthy lifestyles, menopause, contraceptive use, and HPV infection.

Correspondence: Hindun Rahim. Masters Program in Midwifery, Universitas Aisyiyah Yogyakarta, Yog- yakarta. Indonesia. Email: hindunrahim171090@gmail.com.  Mobile: 085256451126.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/the6thicph.01.21

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