Risk Factors of Cervical Cancer in Patients at the Oncology Polyclinic, Prof. Dr Wz Johannes Hospital, Kupang


Agnes Taran Pira

 

Master Program in Public Health, Universitas Nusa Cendana, Kupang

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Cervical cancer is one of the most common cancers found in women living in low and middle-income countries. It is the second leading cause of cancer deaths of women, with an estimated 88% of deaths occurring in the world. This study aimed to determine the risk factors of cervical cancer in patients at the Oncology Polyclinic, Prof. Dr Wz Johannes Hospital, Kupang.

Subjects and Method: This was a cross sectional study conducted in the Oncological Polyclinic Unit at Prof. Dr WZ Johannes Hospital, Kupang, from February to April 2019. Several patients with cervical cancer were selected for this study. The dependent variable was cervical cancer. The independent variables were mother age, age at first sexual intercourse, parity, and oral contraceptive use. The data was collected by a set of questionnaire. The bivariate analysis was performed by chi square.

Results: Un-adjusted (bivariate) analysis showed that age, age at first sexual intercourse, parity, and oral contraceptive use ≥4 years, were associated with the risk of cervical cancer, and they were statistically significant.

Conclusion: Age, age at first sexual intercourse, parity, and oral contraceptive use ≥4 years, are associated with the risk of cervical cancer, and they are statistically significant.

Keywords: cervical cancer, age, age at first sexual intercourse, parity, oral contraceptive.

Correspondence: Agnes Taran Pira. Master Program in Public Health, Universitas Nusa Cendana, Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara. Email: taranpiraagnes@gmail.com. Mobile: 081339345940.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/the6thicph.01.53

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