Risk Factors of Rheumatic Disease in Indonesia Based on the Indonesian Family Life Survey 5 Year 2014

Eka Miftakhul Jannah1), Vitri Widyaningsih2)


1)Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret

2)Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret



Background: The etiology of rheumatic arthritis is unknown, but genetic factors are associated with the condition and its severity. Multiple environmental and lifestyle factors have also been shown to be associated with rheumatic arthritis. The purpose of this study was to determine risk factors of rheumatic disease in Indonesia using the Indonesian family life survey 5 (IFLS-5) year 2014.

Subjects and Method: This was a cross sectional study conducted using a secondary data. A sample of 27,696 study subjects was selected for this study. The dependent variable was rheumatic arthritis. The independent variables were sex, age, education, green vegetables consumption, smoking, body mass index (BMI), hypertension, and cardiovascular disease (CVD). The data were obtained from the Indonesian family life survey 5 (IFLS) year 2014. The data were analyzed by a multiple logistic regression.

Results: Prevalence of rheumatic arthritis in Indonesia in 2014 was 5.06%. Rheumatic disease was dominated by female (6.75%). The risk of rheumatic increased with age ≥50 years (OR= 3.29; 95% CI= 2.88 to 3.76; p<0.001), smoking (OR= 1.37; 95% CI= 1.1 to 1.7; p= 0.004), BMI ≥25 (OR= 1.51; 95% CI= 1.33 to 1.72; p<0.001), hypertension (OR= 2.32; 95% CI= 2.0 to 2.69; p<0.001), and CVD (OR= 2.14; 95% CI= 1.59 to 2.89; p<0.001). The risk of rheumatic arthritis decreased with male (OR= 0.56; 95% CI= 0.45 to 0.69; p<0.001), education ≥senior high school (OR= 0.57; 95% CI= 0.45 to 0.71; p<0.001), and green vegetables consumption (OR= 0.64; 95% CI= 0.53 to 0.76; p<0.001).

Conclusion: Rheumatic arthritis is dominated by female. The risk of rheumatic arthritis increases with age ≥50 years, smoking, BMI ≥25, hypertension, and CVD. It decreases with male, education ≥senior high school, and green vegetables consumption.

Keywords: rheumatic arthritis, cardiovascular disease, Indonesian family life survey 5

Correspondence: Eka Miftakhul Jannah. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret. Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java, Indonesia. Email: ekamiftakhulj@gmail.com. Mobile: +6285649665213.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/the6thicph.01.39

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