Role of Autonomous Motivation in Increasing Physical Activity among Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Systematic Review

Amalul Fadly Hasibuan1), Pujiyanto2)


1)Masters Program of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia

2)Department of Health Policy Administration, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia



Background: Autonomous motivation and self-care competence play a key role in the proces of health behavior change including increasing physical activity. Physical activity is crucial for glycemic control and is beneficial for overall well-being of patients with type 2 diabetes as well. This study aimed to review systematically role of autonomous motivation in increasing physical activity among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Subjects and Method: A systematic review was conducted by searching published articles from 2015 to 2019 from databases including ProQuest, Science direct, Scopus,, and Springer Link. The keyword for this review was “Autonomous motivation”, “SelfDetermination Theory”, “Physical activity”, and “Diabetes Mellitus type 2”. The inclusion criteria were English, open acces, health worker, and public health. The dependent variable was physical activity. The independent variable was autonomous motivation. After review process 6 articles were included in this review.

Results: Four articles stated that the autonomous motivation increased the duration of physical activity. The implementation of physical activity in accordance with the recommendation of 150 minutes / week with moderate to severe intensity. An article autonomous motivation increased physichal activity. An article stated that the autonomous motivation increased physical activity among patient wit diabetes mellitus.

Conclusion:  Autonomous motivation is an important factor in increasing adherence to physical activity according to recommendation.

Keywords: autonomous motivation, physical activity, type 2 diabetes mellitus

Correspondence: Amalul Fadly Hasibuan, Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, West Java. Email:, Mobile: 081259907343.


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