Sorting and Recycling Effort as a Solid Waste Management Solution an Hospital

Warouw Sonny1,2), Nurali Imran1), Nevawan Iwan1),  Suryati Tati3), Purba Ivan2)


1)Directorate of Environmental Health, Ministry of Health

2)Universitas Sari Mutiara Indonesia, Medan, North Sumatera

3)Health Research and Development, Ministry of Health



Background: During the process of health service delivery, hazardous waste can be generated from health facilities. If the handling, processing, and disposal of waste are inadequate, it can be potentially endanger the health of the community, and the cleanliness of environment. This study aimed to investigate the sorting and recycling effort as a solid waste management solution in hospital.

Subjects and Method: This was a descriptive study. The dependent variable was waste management. The data were obtained from eMonev Medical Waste, Directorate for Environmental Health, Indonesia years 2018. The data was analyzed accordingly.

Results: As many as 8.839,8 ton/month solid medical waste in 2018. The capacities of waste treatment in 10 companies were 171,108 ton/days. The capacities of waste treatment in 63 hospitals were 53 ton/days. The estimation waste treatment per month was 6.726,60 ton, and 23.91% medical waste was untreatment. Dr. Sarjito hospital document showed sorting medical waste can reduced 3.8 ton/month or 16.78% solid medical waste. The amount of medical waste left untreated in Indonesia was 2.113,20 tons / month. Whereas if it were recycled, there was still untreated waste of 629,88 tons / month, and it is only reduced by 29.81%. The unit cost of waste treatment was Rp 17,710,000 per ton. The amount of untreated waste treatment costs was Rp 37,424 billion / month. Waste treatment costs if it has been recycled Rp 11,155 billion / month. It raised the efficiency of 70.19%. This efficiency was equivalent to the cost of Rp 26,269 billion / month or Rp 315,234 billion / year.

Conclusion: Recycled medical waste treatment is efficient. This efficiency was equivalent to the cost of Rp 26,269 billion / month or Rp 315,234 billion / year. It takes into account the profit earned from the sale of recycled products.

Keywords: hospital, solid waste management, waste recycling, waste management cost efficiency.

Correspondence: Warouw Sonny Priajaya. Directorate of Environmental Health Ministry of Health Indo-nesia. Jl. HR. Rasuna Said Gd. Adhyatma Lantai 7 Ruang 721, Jakarta. Email: Mobile: 08778892079.


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