Stunting in Pre-School Children in Developing Countries by Maternal Characteristics: A Systematic Review

Rizka Adela Fatsena


Universitas Aisyiyah Yogyakarta



Background: Stunting affects a third of children under five in developing countries. Studies reported that maternal characteristics such as height, education, and occupation are involved in the child growth and development. This study aimed to systematically review stunting in pre-school children in developing countries by maternal characteristics.

Subjects  and  Method:  A  systematic  review  were  conducted  by  searching  articles from 3 electronic databases, namely PubMed, ProQuest, and Science Direct, from 2014 to 2018. The keywords were selected related to this study. The inclusion criteria were children under five in developing countries, full text, and in English and Indonesian language. The data were reviewed using the PRISMA-P guidelines.

Results: Ten studies were reviewed out of 503 studies extracted. Articles reported that maternal  height  <150  cm  were  more  at  risk  of  having  a  stunted  child  than  maternal height  >150  cm.  Lower  maternal  education  had  an  effect  of  70%  on  the  incidence  of stunting. The incidence of stunting was greater with mothers as career women compared to homemaker.

Conclusion: Maternal characteristics including maternal height <150 cm, low mater- nal education, and career women increase the risk of stunting among children under five.

Keywords: incidence, stunting, pre-school children, mother characteristics

Correspondence: Rizka Adela Fatsena. Universitas Aisyiyah  Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.  Email: Mobile: 089694416252.


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