The Association of Education, Fishnet Ownership, and Income, with Dietary Pattern among Fisherman Families in Kupang Sea Shore, East Nusa Tenggara


Intje Picauly1), Lady Cindy Soewarlan2), Vonny Risamasu2), Chaterina A. Paulus2)

 

1)Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Nusa Cendana

2)Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, Universitas Nusa Cendana

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Coastal area has one or more ecosystems and coastal resources. Coastal area consists of recovered and not recovered natural resources. Recovered natural resources include fishery resource, sea-grass bed, mangrove forest, and coral reef. Previous studies indicate that the socio-economic condition of people living in coastal areas are alarming. People living in coastal areas are characterized by low level of education, productivity, and income. This study aimed to examine the association of education, fishnet ownership, and income, with dietary pattern among fisherman families in Kupang Sea Shore, East Nusa Tenggara

Subjects and Method: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in the coastal area of Kupang City, East Nusa Tenggara Province, from June to July 2019. The dependent variable was dietary pattern. The independent variables were education, fishnet owner- ship, and income. The data were obtained by questionnaire. Data of food consumption pattern were obtained from Food Recall Tables 3 times 24 hours. The data were analyzed using a multiple logistic regression.

Results: Level of education and income were associated with dietary pattern among fishermen families in the coastal area.

Conclusion: Education and income levels are associated with dietary pattern among fishermen families in the coastal area.

Keywords: education, income, food consumption pattern, coastal area, fishing equip- ment, fishermen family

Correspondence: Intje Picauly. Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Nusa Cendana, Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara. Email: picaulyince@yahoo.co.id. Mobile: +6282237145517.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/the6thicph.02.04

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