Determinants of The Incidence of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever in The Work Area of Kunciran Health Center, Tangerang, Banten


Jumaina, Ascobat Gani

 

Department of Policy and Health Administration, Faculty of Public Health,
Universitas Indonesia

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) has been one of the most important re­sur­gent tropical diseases in the past 3 decades. The distribution of DHF viruses and the mosquito vectors expanded geographically. The frequency of epidemics increased and the endemicity developed. In addition, the DHF cases in new areas emerged. DHF has major economic and societal consequences. This study aimed to investigate determinants of the incidence of DHF in the work area of Kunciran Health Center, Tange­rang, Banten.

Subjects and Method: This was cross sectional study conducted at Kunciran Health Center, Tanggerang, Banten. A sample of 114 study subjects was selected for this study by quota sampling. The dependent variable was the incidence of DHF. The independent va­riables were age, gender, home temperature, humidity, lighting, the existence of larvae in water reservoirs and non water reservoirs, the presence of wire nets, the habit of drain­ing water reservoirs, the habit of draining non water reservoirs, the habit of closing water reservoirs, and the habit of hanging clothes. The data was collected by a set of qu­e­stionnaire. Bivariate analysis was performed by chi square.

Results: The incidence of DHF increased with poor lighting (OR=4.31; 95% CI= 0.93 to 19.85; p=0.004), the existence of larvae in water reservoirs and non water reservoirs (OR=4.34; 95% CI= 1.34 to 14.06; p=0.009), and the habit of hang­ing clothes (OR=3.38; 95% CI=1.12 to 10.15; p=0.024).

Conclusion: The incidence of DHF increases with poor lighting, the existence of lar­vae in water reservoirs and non water reservoirs, and the habit of hanging clothes.

Keywords: dengue hemorrhagic fever, determinant factors

Correspondence: Jumaina. Department of Policy and Health Administration, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, West Java. Email: jumainarasyid15@gmail.com. Mobile: +6287881875502.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/the6thicph-FP.01.08

Share this :

View PDF