Factors Affecting The Incidence of Acute Respiratory Tract Infection in Children under Five at Betungan Community Health Center, Bengkulu

Eka Triana, Rachmadhi Purwana


Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia



Background: Acute respiratory infections (ARIs) are a major cause of morbidity and mor­tality worldwide. Each year, about 1.3 million children under 5 years die from acute res­piratory infections worldwide. ARI constitute one third of the deaths in under five in low income countries. The World Health Organization estimates that respiratory in­fec­tions account for 6% of the total global burden of disease. This study aimed to de­ter­mi­ne factors affecting the incidence of acute respiratory tract infection in children at Betu­ngan Community Health Center, Bengkulu.

Subjects and Method: This was cross sectional study conducted at Betungan com­mu­nity health center from Juny to July 2019. Total of 109 children under five were se­lec­ted for this study by accidental sampling. The dependent variabel was incidence of acute respiratory tract infection. The independent variables were age, maternal edu­ca­tion, occupation, smoking, room ventilation, floor condition, occupant density, and wall con­­dition. Data were collected by a set of questionnaire and analyzed by a multiple lo­gis­tic regression.

Results: As many as 25 (44.6%) children aged 0 to 23 month had ARI. 32 (55.2%) of the sample were male and 27 (52.9%) female. 27 (56.3%) parents of the children at­tai­ned senior high school. The incidence of ARI in children decreased with absence of smo­king habit (OR= 0.24; p= 0.001), good room ventilation (OR= 0.28; p=0.003), and low occupant density (OR= 0.28; p=0.002).

Conclusion: Incidence of ARI in children decreases with absence of smoking habit, go­od room ventilation, and low occupant density.

Keyword: acute respiratory tract infection, risk factor, children under five.

Correspondence: Eka Triana. Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia. Email: eka­hudi­@­yahoo­.­com. Mobile: 082179655188

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/the6thicph-FP.01.06

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