Prevalence and Risk Factors of Hypertension among Adolescents Aged 18 to 21 Years in Indonesia

Lydia Gresari Br Sembiring, Diah Mulyawati Utari


Masters Program of Public Health, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia



Background: Hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and other complications. There are several factors predisposing to hypertension. These fac­tors vary from country to country and there is difference between urban and rural re­gion. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and risk factors of hypertension among adolescents aged 18 to 21 years in Indonesia.

Subjects and Method: This was a cross sectional study using IFLS 5 data year 2014. A total of 2,531 adolescents aged 18 to 21 years were selected for this study. The depen­dent variable was hypertension. The independent variables were age, sex, body mass in­dex (BMI), psychological condition, healthy food, physical activity, smoking habit, and residential area. The data were obtained from Indonesian Family Life Survey 5 (IFLS 5) year 2014. The data were analyzed by a multiple logistic regression.

Results: As many as 39.8% adolescents aged 18 to 21 years had pre-hypertension and 6.2 % had hypertension. The risk of hypertension increased with male (aOR= 2.40; 95% CI = 1.98 to 2.96; p=0.001), high BMI ≥25 kgBW/m2BH (aOR= 3.85; 95% CI= 1.82 to 8.12; p=0.001), poor psychological condition (aOR= 1.47; 95% CI =1.47 t­o ­2.11; p=0.030), and unhealthy food (aOR=1.34; 95% CI= 1.18 to   2.33; p=­0.0­04­­).

Conclusion: The risk of hypertension increases with male, BMI ≥ 25 kgBW/m2BH, po­or psychological condition, and unhealthy food.

Keywords: hypertension, BMI, psychological condition, healthy food, adolescents.

Correspondence: Lydia Gresari Br Sembiring. Masters Program in Public Health, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, West Java. Email: Mobile: 0811603823.


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