Relationship between Environmental Factors and Personal Hygiene with Diarrhea among Children under Five in West Kotawaringin, Central Kalimantan

Dortua Lince Sidabalok1), Samsudin2), I Made Djaja3)


1)Masters Program in Environmental Health, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia

2)School of Health Sciences, Borneo Cendekia Medica

3)Department of Environmental Health, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia



Background: Globally, nearly 1 million children die each year because of diarrhea. Di­ar­r­hea is a major public health problem in developing coun­tries, including Indonesia. The oc­cu­r­rence of diarrhea has been known to be linked with poor hygiene and sanit­a­tion. This stu­dy aimed to determine the relationship between environmental factors and personal hy­giene with diarrhea among children under five in West Kota­waringin, Cen­­tral Kalimantan.

Subjects and Method: This was a cross-sectional study conducted at West Kotawaringin, Central Kalimantan. A total of 1,007 households with children under five was se­lected for this study. The dependent variable was diarrhea. The independent va­riables were access to drin­k­ing water, latrine ownership, type of latrine, environmental hygiene, children defe­ca­tion habit, and disposing of children feces habit. The data were collected by a set of ques­t­i­o­n­­naire and analyzed by multiple logistic regression

Results: The risk of diarrhea increased with absence of latrine ownership (OR= 1.93; 95%CI=1.28 to 2.91; p=0.002), sub-standard type of latrine (OR= 1.88; 95%CI=1.27 to 2.78; p=0.002), poor child defe­ca­tion habit (OR=1.85; 95%CI= 1.26 to 2.71; p=0.002), and free disposal of child feces (OR=1.72; 95%CI= 1.28 to 2.91; p=0.007).

Conclusion: The risk of diarrhea increases with absence of latrine ownership, sub-stan­dard type of latrine, poor child defecation habit, and free disposal of child feces.

Keywords: diarrhea, hygiene, behavior, environment, children under five

Correspondence: Dortua Lince Sidabalok. Masters Program in Environmental Health, Faculty of Public Health, Uni­versitas Indonesia, Depok, West Java. Email: Mobile: 0813­61218156.


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