The Association between Organophosphate Pesticide Exposure and Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate among Farmers in Sumberejo Village, Magelang, Central Java

Desi Putri Utami1), Onny Setiani2), Hanan Lanang Dangiran2)I Made Djaja3)


1)Master Program in Public Health, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia

2)Department of Health Environment, Universitas Diponegoro

3)Department of Health Environment, Universitas Indonesia



Background: The major occupation of Sumberejo villagers is a vegetable farmer. A lot of farmers use organophosphate pesticide spray. Improper use of spraying pesticide may cause harmful health impact in human. Organo­­phosphate pesticide is poison­ous and it affects the blood profile of far­mers. This study aimed to examine the asso­ciation bet­ween organo­phosphate pesticide exposure and erythrocyte sedimenta­tion rate (ESR) among far­mers in Sumbe­rejo Village, Magelang, Central Java.

Subjects and Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Sumberejo Village, Magelang, Central Java, on April 2017. A total sample of 43 farmers was selected from a population of 110 farmers for this study by purposive sampling. The dependent varia­ble was ESR. The independent variables were frequency of spraying (exposure/week), number of pes­ticide, dose of pesticide, length of work (exposure/day), work pe­riod (years of exposure), the use of personal protection equipment (PPE), and level of cho­line­s­te­rase. The ESR data were collected by laboratory test. The other data were col­lected by questionnaire. The bivariate analysis used the chi-square test.

Results: Frequency of spraying, number of pesticides, length of work, work period, the use of PPE, and level of choli­nes­­terase, were associated with ESR, but they were not statistically significant (p>0.050). The association between dose of pesticide and ESR was statistically significant (p= 0.048).

Conclusion: Dose of pesticide is associated with ESR. However, PPE usage, length of work, work period, number of pesticides, frequency of spraying, and level of choli­nes­te­rase, do not show statistically significant association with ESR in this study.

Keywords: exposure, organophosphate pesticide, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, farmer, level of choli­nes­te­rase

Correspondence: Desi Putri Utami. Master Program in Public Health, Faculty of Public Health, Uni­ver­sitas Indo­ne­sia Depok, West Java. Email: Mobile: +6287­875941636.


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