Association between Lipid Level and Chronic Periodontitis in Productive Age at Company Clinic in Jakarta, 2019


Bonita Putri Arinida, Adik Wibowo

 

Department of Health Policy and Administration, Faculty of Public Health,

Universitas Indonesia

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Periodontitis affects at least 72% of Indonesian community according to Indonesian Basic Health Research (Riskesdas) in 2018. Periodontitis is considered as localized inflammation. However, the condition leads to systemic change. The re­cog­nition of systemic change was observed in lipid levels by several earlier stu­dies. This study aimed to examine the association between lipid level and chronic perio­don­titis and healthy periodontal status in productive age.

Subjects and Method: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in a company cli­nic, in 2019. A total of 120 patients were selected consisting of 60 patients diag­nosed with chronic periodontitis and the 60 patients with healthy periodontal status. The data of periodontitis patients were obtained from medical check-up. Data of lipid levels included total cholesterol, triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cho­les­terol, and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol. The data were analyzed by a mul­tiple linear regression.

Results: Patients with chronic periodontitis showed higher LDL cholesterol (p<0.001) and triglycerides (p=0.003) than patients with normal periodontal sta­tus. Total cho­lesterol was higher in patients with chronic perio­don­ti­tis than healthy periodontal status (p<0.001). The difference in HDL cholesterol was statistically non-significant bet­ween patients with chronic periodontitis and healthy periodontal status (p=0.963).

Conclusion: Lipid level can be an indicator of periodontal disease and give more in­for­mation to perform higher quality of examination. However, more studies are need­ed to strengthen the evidence for improving the medical check-up coverage.

Keywords: periodontitis, lipid level, inflammation, diagnoses

Correspondence: Bonita Putri Arinida. Department of Health Policy and Administration, Faculty of Pu­blic He­a­lth, Universitas Indonesia, Depok West Java. Email: bonitaarinidadrg­@g­mail.com. Mobile: 08128­226­9019.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/the6thicph-FP.05.01

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